The favorite gardens of Le Nôtre
The big French-style flowerbed of Chantilly offers the most brilliant points of view of the visit. It understands vast ornamental ponds reflecting the sky, the numerous water jets and the fountains as well as the exceptional set of statues. Among all the gardens created by André Le Nôtre, Chantilly was its favorite, as he wrote it in 1698 to the count of Portland: "Remember all the beautiful gardens in France, Versailles, Fontainebleau, Vaux-le-Vicomte, the Tuileries and especially Chantilly".
A luxurious drawing of balance and harmony
Drawn in the end of the XVIIth century by André Le Nôtre, gardener of Versailles, for Louis II de Bourbon, prince of Cop, the formal garden of Chantilly constitutes a rare example of plan the axis of which is moved away from the center with regard to the castle.
Unmistakably, of all the gardens drawn by Ours at the end of the XVIIth century, Chantilly distinguishes itself by the exceptional area of its ponds and the number of its games of water.
Its complete restoration, in 2009, allowed, in the biggest respect for the former techniques, to find all the ingenuity of the hydraulic network which was considered an exploit at the appropriate time and thanks to which fountains achieve up to five meters high.
The Grand Canal, 2,5 km long and which exceeds of 600 meters that of Versailles, is established by Nonet, a tributary of the Oise channelled by Ours. Monumental realization which already intended to compete with the Palace of Versailles, it establishes one of the prides of the gardener.
Characteristics of the formal garden
The formal garden distinguishes itself by a geometrical, often symmetric plan, established by flowerbeds(orchestras), by groves and by ponds, marked out by statues and livened up by magic games of water.
The formal garden symbolizes the triumph of the order over the disorder, the culture on the wild nature, the reflexive on the spontaneous. It is characterized by a theatralized direction of the garden, the purpose is to surprise the visitor thanks to 3-dimensional effects.
He peaks in the XVIIth century thanks to the creations of architects gardeners the most known for which is André Le Nôtre (1613-1700). He opposes the landscape garden, the curved paths, in which we do not try to tame the nature.